The Internet started in the 1960s as a way for government researchers to share information. Computers in the ’60s were large and immobile and in order to make use of information stored in any one computer, one had to either travel to the site of the computer or have magnetic computer tapes sent through the conventional postal system.Another catalyst in the formation of the Internet was the heating up of the Cold War. The Soviet Union’s launch of the Sputnik satellite spurred the U.S. Defense Department to consider ways information could still be disseminated even after a nuclear attack. This eventually led to the formation of the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), the network that ultimately evolved into what we now know as the Internet. ARPANET was a great success but membership was limited to certain academic and research organizations who had contracts with the Defense Department. In response to this, other networks were created to provide information sharing.January 1, 1983 is considered the official birthday of the Internet. Prior to this, the various computer networks did not have a standard way to communicate with each other. A new communications protocol was established called Transfer Control Protocol/Internetwork Protocol (TCP/IP). This allowed different kinds of computers on different networks to “talk” to each other. ARPANET and the Defense Data Network officially changed to the TCP/IP standard on January 1, 1983, hence the birth of the Internet. All networks could now be connected by a universal language.Model of Univac I computer, c. 1954The image above is a scale model of the UNIVAC I (the name stood for Universal Automatic Computer) which was delivered to the Census Bureau in 1951. It weighed some 16,000 pounds, used 5,000 vacuum tubes, and could perform about 1,000 calculations per second. It was the first American commercial computer, as well as the first computer designed for business use. (Business computers like the UNIVAC processed data more slowly than the IAS-type machines, but were designed for fast input and output.) The first few sales were to government agencies, the A.C. Nielsen Company, and the Prudential Insurance Company. The first UNIVAC for business applications was installed at the General Electric Appliance Division, to do payroll, in 1954. By 1957 Remington-Rand (which had purchased the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation in 1950) had sold forty-six machines.
Hi Good Day, everyone before I start to write about my life,I would like to thank this opportunity.
My name is April Jane G. Baco,20 years old, I have three brothers and two sister, I studied at JH Cerilles College nearby my hometown. My hubbies are drawing, design like bouquet, decorating birthday, wedding and others venue but now I don’t have enough materials doing all as great, I’m not loosing hope to my dream because I know someday it will be come true. And of course the support of my family also that I wanted.
I don’t have father now cause he died when I was grade three, then my mother supporting us even,she only doing everything to make her family still alive,safe and healthy. Now my mom is far for us, at Saudi Arabia being a housekeeper. It’s almost two years when she leave us, we miss you so much,being a second daughter it’s my duty to care my sister’s and brothers.
So it’s hard for me doing school and care my sisters and brothers, but I’ll do anything to make my mom proud, and I need to finish my study because this one is my mother dream and I’m not loosing it. The way I’m going down because of the problem in the house,I’m going strong for it to achieve my dream and also my family especially my mother who spend her life in Saudi Arabia so must,get it as much I can do it.
Thank you very much,and I hope you read this and it’s my pleasure for having this. Hope you enjoy. God bless Po.
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